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Separation Anxiety Disorders In Dogs – Signs and Causes

Update: Here is a followup article that discusses 6 ways to address separation anxiety in dogs.

Sad Beagle With Separation AnxietyDoes this sound like you and your dog?  He is a sweet dog, eager to please, and enjoys being around you and your whole family. Perhaps you have had him since he was a puppy.

But lately, you notice that he’s become destructive around the house whenever he’s left alone, even for just a few hours. You come home and the house looks like it was hit by a tornado – papers scattered everywhere, the trash can was knocked down, and your clothes were chewed into shreds.

Your dog may be suffering from separation anxiety, a problem common with many puppies and dogs. Separation anxiety is a panic disorder exhibited by a dog in the absence of his owner. It is the fear of being left alone that results in unwanted, destructive behaviors.

Dogs are social creatures. As puppies it is natural for them to get dependent and attached to their mother and litter mates. This type of attachment is transferred on to you, his owner, when the puppy enters your life. This attachment results in distress whenever the dog is left alone in the house, which is the most common cause of separation anxiety.

Signs Of Separation Anxiety

Your dog is suffering from separation anxiety if he displays the following signs:

  • Destructiveness
  • Excessive crying, barking, howling, whining, house soiling, pacing
  • Depression
  • Self mutilation
  • Excessive salivation
  • Hyperactivity
  • Scratching or chewing at walls, doors, windows, furniture, and other objects

Causes Of Separation Anxiety

There are many causes for separation anxiety in dogs. Some may have been developed with experiences they had before the dog ever became part of your family, such as loss or abandonment of previous owner.

Below are six common causes of separation anxiety in dogs:

1. A traumatic experience such as an injury, thunderstorm, or an alarm system going off that occurred while you were gone.
2. A loss or addition of a family member.
3. Premature separation from its mother and litter mates.
4. Having a new pet in the house and spending more time with that new pet and less time with him.
5. A sudden change in schedule, lifestyle, or environment.
6. Changes that occur in older dogs, both physiologically and mentally, that results from aging.

Note: Read the followup article that discusses 6 ways to address separation anxiety in dogs.

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